Winter is coming here in Virginia. Finally the air is cold, and skin is starting to feel dry, chapped, and cracked. Recently, I had several people tell me they were still using Vaseline on their dry skin. “Whatever you do, please don’t use that anymore! It’s only making your skin worse and more dry!” I proclaimed. I’ll go into more detail on that, but whether you switch to just coconut oil and lanolin or high-performance products that provide more tailored effects, ultimately the important thing is to just stop! Here’s 8 reasons petroleum jelly has NO place in your life and suggestions on what to use instead of Vaseline. ♥
What is Vaseline and how is it derived?
Petrolatum, commonly known as petroleum jelly, is a byproduct of petroleum; it is a soft paraffin or wax mixture sold as a topical skin ointment. Petroleum jelly is a mixture of mineral oils and waxes, which form a semisolid, jelly-like substance. Originally discovered by oil workers who would use a gooey jelly to heal their wounds and burns, it was eventually packaged as Vaseline. (source)
Subsequently, we’ve learned this crude-oil byproduct has lots of risks and associated warnings – specifically, it is “for external use only” (always a red flag for me, since our skin absorbs everything). Even the Federal Food and Drug Administration (who I wrote about last month as having notoriously lax rules and regulation) restricts petrolatum in food to 10 parts per million, and insists that petrolatum used in food packaging or drugs meet governmental standards on impurity restrictions. (source)
Additionally, as detailed below, petrolatum or mineral oil jelly and mineral oils can cause skin damage. Petrolatum may interfere with the body’s moisturizing mechanism, leading to dry skin and chapping despite its cosmetic use as lip and skin protection. According to the Environmental Working Group, petrolatum may be found in one of every 14 products as well as 15 percent of lipsticks and 40 percent of baby lotions and oils.
EIGHT reasons to avoid petroleum-derived skincare products
1 – it’s a byproduct of crude oil waste (it’s not eco-friendly)
Petroleum jelly is produced from the petroleum process. The environmental impact of petroleum is often negative because it is toxic to almost all forms of life and its extraction fuels climate change. I don’t need to tell you that the process contributes to some serious ish, right? From toxicity, exhaust, acid rain, climate change, devastation from oil spills and waste oils, Wikipedia can tell you all about it if you wanna know more.
2 – contains carcinogens
According to the Environmental Working Group (EWG), a whopping 80 percent of all beauty products may be contaminated with one or more of the two dozen recognized cosmetic impurities that are linked to cancer and other health concerns. One of the scariest of these possible contaminants is called 1,4 dioxane, an impurity found in 22 percent of all petroleum-based cosmetics that is a possible human carcinogen and known animal carcinogen. How much you’re exposed to depends on the product you’re using: it’s in 82% of hair dyes, 45% of self-tanners and 36% of face moisturizers (source).
A study linking the petrolatum impurity polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to breast cancer was completed at Columbia University. The study indicates that breast tissue of women with breast cancer were 2.6 times more likely to have increased amounts of PAHs attached to their DNA than the breast tissue of women without breast cancer. PAHs are found in oil, coal and tar deposits as byproducts of fuel burning. Research found that PAHs were found in the mutated genes of test animals with mammary gland cancer. (source)
3 – what you put on your skin is absorbed to your blood stream
26 seconds is all it takes for 80% of what you put on your skin to be absorbed into your blood stream – which completely bypasses the liver. [Sources (1) and (2)] And petroleum-based products are no exception. The EWG reports say, These trace contaminants in petroleum-based ingredients often readily penetrate the skin according to government and industry studies, and their presence in products is not restricted by government safety standards — they are legal at any level.
4 – it will age your skin
Not surprising news flash: When you put a non-breathable, non-moisture-adding product that has carcinogens, it doesn’t nourish and hydrate your skin the way that is needed to prevent aging. The barrier process described in 8 below inhibits this moisturizing affect; there is also some concern about its potential to cause collagen breakdown. Specifically, when petroleum jelly coats the skin, it blocks the skin’s natural ability to breathe and absorb nutrients, which slows the cell renewal process and causes the skin to pull the necessary moisture and nutrients from within, leading to collagen breakdown over time. This is ultimately what causes wrinkles! (source)
5 – hormone disruption & estrogen dominance
Petrolatum is one of the numerous products which contain xenoestrogens, which are chemicals which cause hormone disruption and may throw estrogen out of balance in the body. Studies have shown that these chemicals may act on hormone receptors in the body and lead to estrogen dominance. A growing problem in today’s world, estrogen dominance is when the body has high levels of estrogen and proportionately low levels of progesterone to balance it. It is linked to infertility, menstrual problems, accelerated aging, allergies and autoimmune problems as well as nutrient deficiencies, sleep problems and even some types of cancers. (source)
6 – inhalation, consumption, or internal use can cause bacterial & fungal infections
A study published in Pediatrics found that infants treated with petroleum jelly were more likely to develop systemic candidiasis because the tight seal created a warm, moist place for fungi to grow. This study found that women who used petroleum jelly were 2.2 times more likely to test positive for bacterial vaginosis.
As the “for external use only” warnings indicate, Vaseline is to not be used internally. Do not eat or insert petroleum jelly. Avoid using petroleum jelly for masturbation or as a vaginal lubricant. According to Reuters, 40 percent of women who used it as a lubricant tested positive for bacterial vaginosis. (source.) Petrolatum forms the moisture barrier, it prevents the skin from breathing. Not drying or cleaning the skin properly before applying petroleum jelly can cause fungal or bacterial infections. (source)
7 – lipoid or aspiration pneumonia
One of the most surprising risks to me, while compiling this data, was aspiration risks. Because of the non-breathable moisture barrier that forms, it is recommended to not use petroleum jelly around the nose area, especially in children. Not only could it prevent airflow, but inhaling petroleum may cause aspiration pneumonia. (source) I can’t shake the thought of how many times I remember petroleum jelly being put around my chapped noise and the edges of my mouth as a kid, yikes!
Lipoid pneumonia is rare, but this PubMed article details how inhalation into the lungs (small amounts of the petroleum jelly breathed in from being near the nostril build up in the lungs). Since the body can’t metabolize or break down petroleum jelly, this creates serious inflammation in the lungs which requires treatment varying from antibotics to open lung biopsy and more dramatic resolution.
8 – it’s occlusive
Here’s the one I keep referring to. It can’t be broken down or metabolized by the body. It creates a barrier on the skin. What’s Occlusive mean? Well, how about “it will get you addicted but cause no actual benefit.”
Vaseline is an occlusive agent, meaning it literally forms a seal over your skin which feels amazing to dry, cracked skin and is the reason why so many have come to love the greasy balm. It’s also water-repellent and water-insoluble, which prevents moisture from escaping your skin. The downside is that this barrier function is a double-edged sword. By forming such a tight seal over your skin, Vaseline not only blocks off air, water and anything else from getting in, but it also blocks your body’s natural elimination of things you want to get out of your skin, like toxins and bacteria. (source)
Allowing your skin to breathe means that you allow elimination out, but also for moisture to go in – which is what you really need for dry, chapped, and cracking skin. Petroleum jelly locks whatever moisture is in the skin in, without allowing any moisture to be absorbed from the atmosphere and that’s actually less moisturizing in the long run than emollients that enable moisture exchange, i.e. plant oils, plant butters and beeswax. It pretty much just acts like a plastic wrap, sealing your skin off from the elements and preventing whatever moisture you have (or don’t have) in your skin from evaporating. (source)
This is why I said that using Vaseline is addictive – it gives a feeling of temporary relief but not actually offering moisturization or nourishment to heal and restore your skin. So when it wears off, you’re even more dried out than you were to begin with, begetting more applications in a repetitive cycle that robs your skin of exactly what it needs most.
What to use instead
First off, make sure that if you’re trying to avoid petroleum (or other crude-oil b-products) that you look for it by it’s many names… avoid:
- Mineral oil
- Liquid paraffin
- Paraffin oil
The good news is, in this modern day and age there are SO many awesome other ways to get and stay hydrated safely. Here are some of our favorite alternatives:
The oil from sheep’s wool, is known to be the safest way to protect mom’s chapped nipples during breastfeeding because it’s one of the few food-grade protective oils. That should tell you a lot about it’s safety, since infant gut health is a tricky, sensitive, important thing! Unlike Vaseline, it is semi-occlusive, which means it has a breathable barrier. Like Vaseline, it will “seal and protect” to lock-in moisture, but it actually holds 400 times its weight in water (source) while also allowing your skin to breathe and take in moisture. Overall, this is ideal to help the skin – especially when dried, cracked, or chafed. You can mix it with other natural oils and butters to create a “lotion” like texture. [available to purchase here]
The original natural skincare catch-all, coconut oil is a wonderful multi-purpose oil – or really, a fat since it solidifies at room temperature. Our cells and skin need lipids to hydrate, which allows coconut oil to be used from hair, nails, and skin to health benefits in your food. A more “refined” (use a high quality not-heat-processed oil to avoid oxidation) oil will have less of a scent. The complication with coconut oil is that it can be irritating to some skin types, causing anywhere from rash and bumps to acne from clogged pores. Make sure to test use before going hog wild putting that stuff on everything! You can find an awesome list of uses for coconut oil over on Welness Mama’s blog.
Beautycounter’s Baby Protective Balm
Most similar in texture to Vaseline, the Protective Balm is designed to be gentle enough for newborns but works the same way for adults with very dry, chapped, or cracked skin. The barrier balm is the ultimate hydrating powerhouse. With a soothing blend of organic shea butter and jojoba oil, it provides a layer of protection for dry, sensitive skin for both babies and moms that is breathable the same way lanolin would but with a creamy texture that can be used for diaper rash, dry elbows, and cracked heels. [available to purchase here]
Beautycounter’s Soothing Baby Oil
This is the product that we replaced straight coconut oil with, as Finn and I’s sensitive skin didn’t respond entirely well overall (specifically, even organic coconut oil caused inflammation and irritation in the form of acne for us – I believe it’s just too saturated and heavy, causing clogged pores). While this oil is marketed for “babies” the fragrance-free oil is ideal for sensitive skin – I use it as a make-up remover and to both “wash and moisturize” my skin on days I don’t shower and wash with the charcoal bar soap. Finn uses it on dry patches of his skin, which used to be eczema but he doesn’t have that any more with safer skincare! The mix of organic coconut, jojoba, and sunflower seed oils, this “dry” oil soothes and softens skin for a nourishing experience. The formula, gentle enough and designed for newborns and up, absorbs easily without ever feeling greasy. [available to purchase here]
Beautycounter’s Lip Conditioner
I have yet to meet a single person who doesn’t love the Beautycounter Lip Conditioner – both the Calendula and Peppermint scents nourish and sooth without drying out. The ingredients are also food grade and mostly organic. The base ingredients nourish and protect lips with ultra-moisturizing lip balm, formulated with soothing and softening avocado oil, shea butter, meadowfoam seed oil, and jojoba oil. That subtly sweet scent you smell? No petrochemical fragrances! It’s calendula and chamomile oils, which act as anti-inflammatories to help heal chapped lips in the calendula formula or the refreshing freshness of peppermint oil in the peppermint scent. [available to purchase here]